1- Creating an initial plan. This plan is designed to be flexible so that it evolves as the illness changes. This plan is typically made with input from a healthcare professional, the individual and their family.
2- Emotional and spiritual care is provided at this stage, both to the patient and their families.
3- Care teams will work to ensure the patient can maintain as much independence as possible. At this stage, home health aides may be installed, as well as assistance from carers who can assist with daily tasks that may be beginning to become more difficult.
4- At this stage, permanent care at a care home or hospice may be arranged. Some may choose to stay in their home, in which case live-in care can be arranged to support the individual and their family.
5- The final stage consists of bereavement support for the family and friends.